Monday, January 28, 2008

Should we try to make others Catholic? New CDF document

A new document from the Holy See's Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith in response to some recent confusion regarding the need to promote full communion with the Catholic faith/Church in evangelization efforts.

In the recent past Cardinal Kasper has made some controversial remarks regarding whether it is a moral imperative to promote conversion to the Catholic Church...

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Friday, January 25, 2008

Jubilee or Economic Depression?

This is an interetsting biblical perspective on the current economic situation from Steve Wood's newsletter
Date: Wed, 23 Jan 2008 17:47:40 -0500

Editor's Note: The article below entitled, "Jubilee or Depression," is a slightly revised article that appeared in the November 1999 issue of this newsletter. Within two years of publishing this article the NASDAQ lost 80% of its value and the S&P500 lost 50%. I don't claim to be a stock picker or financial forecaster, but I think it is time to re-visit the timeless principles described in this article.

Jubilee or Depression?

The best way to prevent depressions is to follow the Jubilee pattern in the Old Testament. The Jewish jubilee occurred every 50 years. Most people are aware that the Jews were to take one day off every week for rest and worship: the Sabbath day. Many are unaware of the ancient Jewish practice of allowing the land to rest one complete year every seven years. The seventh year was regarded as a Sabbath year (Leviticus 25:4). Since ancient Israel was mostly an agricultural economy, the Sabbath year had strong economic overtones as the land, the workers, and the economy were able to rest.

A special blessing for the poor every seventh year was the requirement that Israelites were to be released from all debts (Deuteronomy 15:1-11). In ancient Israel debt was not the economic lifestyle it has become in the modern world. Debt was regarded as a form of economic servitude. As Proverbs 22:7 says, "The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender." Debt was avoided by all, except by those whose extreme poverty drove them into it.

The seventh year cancellation of all debts put a brake on any tendency for ancient Israel to become a permanently indebted economy. Things such as thirty-year loans were prohibited. There was no long-term incentive for lenders to promote debt. It was impossible for the nation to slip into a lifestyle of debt.

After 49 years, expressed as "seven weeks of years" in Leviticus 25:8, there was to be a super Sabbath year called the Jubilee. In addition to the economy being allowed a Sabbath year's rest and debts being released, the Jubilee laws in Leviticus had two more economic provisions.

The first provision was that family land that had been sold because of economic necessity was to be returned. The Jubilee prevented conglomerates from permanently gobbling up the land and extinguishing the small family farm. God wanted each family in ancient Israel to be able to provide for its own needs. Having land as a family inheritance was the pathway to economic freedom for generation after generation of Israelite families.

The second Jubilee law provided freedom from servitude (Leviticus 25:39-41). If an Israelite fell into dire economic straits, frequently stemming from the inability to repay debts, he could indenture himself as a hired servant. The Jubilee freed all Israelites from this servitude. God's Jubilee provision meant that none of his people were to be permanently trapped in economic bondage.

While the exact application of the Old Testament Jubilee legislation is not binding in the New Covenant, the principles of economic justice are certainly timeless. Violating these principles brings servitude to the poor, debt lifestyles, and depressions instead of jubilees.

In his Apostolic Letter, As the Third Millennium Draws Near, Pope John Paul II said that "The custom of jubilees, which began in the Old Testament … continues in the church."

God's laws and the principles deriving from them are ordered in reality. Release from debt will eventually occur, either through the pains of a depression, or through the joys of a jubilee. The Liberty Bell in Philadelphia is inscribed with, "Proclaim Liberty Throughout the Land," a quotation from Leviticus 25:10 announcing the Year of Jubilee. But we live in a land that wants freedom, while ignoring the true source of liberty: God's Word.

Modern economies seem bent on violating the Sabbath (Lord's Day), the Sabbath year, and the Jubilee year principles. An endless 24/7 treadmill of activity in the world of business and commerce has displaced God's pattern of work and rest. Family businesses are gobbled up by the latest chain of superstores, while the family farm disappears and the ability of a working man to earn a wage sufficient to support his family is a distant memory. Instead of breaking the cycle of poverty, we have managed to create a welfare system that perpetuates trans-generational poverty in the world's most prosperous nation. Rather than minimizing indebtedness, we have pumped personal, corporate, and government debt into the largest "bubble economy" in human history. When the bubble finally pops - and it will - we will realize that our addiction to debt has brought us a depression instead of a jubilee.

Your Family Finances in an Age of Economic Jihad

There is a way to prevent boom-bust cycles and debt-driven depressions. Yet our national and state governments, our corporate leaders, and the vast majority of American families have chosen the option of plunging headlong into debt instead of economic freedom. Our debt-ridden banking and financial system resembles a pyramid scheme.

Consequences will inevitably follow. I can't say if it will take 10 weeks, 10 months, or 10 years, but there will be consequences. A Sabbath-breaking and increasingly debt-bloated economy is going to end up in a depressing mess. Some think that the Federal Reserve's tinkering with interest rates, or Washington's giving out $150 billion for Americans to buy consumer items like big screen TVs from China will save the economy. Who knows? Maybe these steps will turn things around. Then again such steps may just make matters worse in the long run.

No matter what the President, Congress, or the Federal Reserve does, I encourage you fathers to take steps, even radical ones, to protect the financial welfare of your family. Debt is always an albatross, but during a recession debt can completely ruin a family's finances. Whenever the debt bomb explodes, so many families will be affected that any available assistance will be minimal -unless our country accepts permanent federal intrusion into domestic finances.

In a recent survey by the Barna Organization (, 79% of American Christians said that indebtedness was their major concern.

Unfortunately, just having a concern about indebtedness and really doing something about it are worlds apart. Most people have a good general idea about what they should do about debt, but they don't do it. The root problem isn't information as much as motivation.

The best motivator I've seen in the twenty-eight years I've been studying no-debt/low-debt Christian teaching is Dave Ramsey. I found what I considered the most motivating of his materials and offered it to our donors as a premium and also offered it in our catalog. Both of my attempts to distribute his material met with "okay" success. Yet given our nation's economic condition, they should be flying off the shelves.

Last fall, I also produced a couple of CDs to assist families with their finances. One of the CDs was entitled "Economic Jihad: Vital Information for Protecting Your Family." Describing this CD in a letter to members of our Family Life Team (our donors), we warned that a major economic terrorist assault against the U.S. economy is well underway.

Few people remember that the United States actually created the Taliban by giving the "freedom fighters" in Afghanistan arms and $4 billion to bleed the Soviet Union to death financially during the Soviet occupation.

Well, it worked. So well, in fact, that these same Islamic fanatics are now using the tactics they learned from the American C.I.A. - and with the same devastating effect.

Osama Bin Laden publicly declared, "We are continuing in the same policy [we used against the Soviets], to make America bleed profusely to the point of bankruptcy, Allah willing. And that is not too difficult for Allah." Osama Bin Laden has declared a financial Jihad (Holy War) against the United States. And he brags that he spent a mere $500,000 to pull off the 9-11 attacks, which caused America to spend $500 billion in response.

This is how Osama summarizes the devastating result of his economic Jihad: "Each of Al Qaeda's dollars defeated one million American dollars, thanks to Allah's grace. This is in addition to the fact that America lost a large number of jobs. And as for the deficit, it lost a record number estimated at a trillion dollars."

Osama Bin Laden is evil. But he's not stupid. He is watching our federal deficits, our trade deficits, and the sinking dollar. Osama's strategy is to defeat America by drowning us in debt, while urging his fellow Moslems to avoid debt. In fact, a fatwa (religious edict) has been issued forbidding Moslems to go into debt. And for the first time in 77 years the Moslems have now resumed minting the Dinar - an actual gold coin - so that Moslems can exchange money and build wealth debt-free.

Meanwhile, Dubai (a Muslim country and financial center) investors recently purchased 20% of the NASDAQ. Dubai investors have also purchased a $7.5 billion stake in Citigroup to assist with its sub-prime debt mess.

The Federal Reserve has just lowered the federal fund rate by .75%, the President and Congress are working on a stimulus package, and the usual election year stimulus/spending strategies are underway. What does this mean for you? It means that you may have a window of opportunity to move your family finances away from the epicenter of the debt implosion.

I'm sticking my neck out sending you this warning letter. You'll probably not read too many Catholic periodicals warning about this financial mess until its way too late to do anything. My advice is not to wait until everyone agrees it's time to do something. Take action now.

For some of you this will mean taking major steps like selling your home and moving to a more affordable one. Sound radical? It is. Just remember that it is infinitely less painful to move into a smaller home than to lose your home to the mortgage company.

I urge you to get moving with a lower debt and economically sound footing for your family's finances in these uncertain times. Whatever the economic future holds, you'll never regret living beneath your means, saving, and maintaining a low-debt profile.

Recommended Resources:
Economic Jihad: Vital Information for the Protection of Your Family Economic Jihad ComboFamily Finances 101The Total Money Makeover by Dave Ramsey7 Steps to Becoming Financially Free by Phil Lenahan (These materials by Phil Lenahan have been designed for parish-based small groups. Phil's small group materials are a superb way for parishes to offer practical assistance to families.) .

Sound Economic Advice from Scripture:
Do not become a beggar by feasting with borrowed money. Sirach 18:33

From the Wall Street Journal: 1993"History shows that once nominal growth slows in a heavily indebted economy, there can be no recovery until the excess debt is eliminated. Political efforts to expand debt do nothing to lift the burden of debt service, which is the cause of slow growth and faltering incomes in the first place." (Source: John Mauldin's "Outside the Box" [])

Family Life Team
Shaunti Feldhahn, a former Federal Reserve financial analyst, warns that previous recessions with only a 5% dip in the overall economy resulted in a 20% drop in charitable giving.

Therefore, I ask those of you who profit spiritually and financially from our resources to remember us in your giving, especially if the recession deepens. In addition to praying for our donor's spiritual welfare, we also pray for your marriage and family, and your job and business.

Radio broadcast schedule
Faith & Family Radio: 2:00 PM [ET] on Thursdays on the EWTN Global Catholic Network. Visit the homepage of to view listener resources and to listen to the most recent show. Sirius Satellite Radio (channel 160) This Thursday (January 24th) will be an important broadcast. The show will be about a bold constitutional amendment to overturn Roe v. Wade. This isn't a project decades away. It is something that is being planned now. I invite you to tune in and call with your questions and comments.

Yours in His Majesty’s Service, Steve Wood

Family Life Center International - 2130 Wade Hampton Blvd. Greenville, SC 29615

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Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Gearin' up for Lent

Lent is not too far away, so I am going to start posting some links to resources that might be helpful in teaching and living the season of Lent:

Jimmy Akin:

Marcellino D'Ambrosio:
/3/Lent_and_Holy_Week_Resources.html has a lot of interesting pages: Lent history, information, prayers, resources, traditions & more Good prayers for Lent Suggestions for your Lenten fast Lent hymns and canticles

Domestic Church:
Exploring Lent,
Lent for Little Ones
Guidelines for fasting, abstinence, and self-denial in Lent

Readings and Meditations for Lent & Holy Week:
Disciples on the Journey--a 34 page Lenten lectionary based faith-sharing booklet for adult, family, and teen groups (I just saw an advertisement of this, have not previewed it, don't know if it is any good). Lenten Radio Retreat


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Spend 40 Days with the Fathers

I found this little nugget on . It is a Church Fathers Lenten reading plan (texts included). It is a long pdf document, but well worth printing out. This would provide a good introduction to the early Church fathers for the neophyte... and good sound spiritual reading for the ones who have read these before...

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Thursday, January 17, 2008

More than half of the births in France are out-of-wedlock

The Daily Eudemon [] directed me to this story:

France surpasses 50% out-of-wedlock births
Paris, Jan. 16, 2008 ( -

In 2006, for the first time in the nation's history, most of the infants born in France were born out of wedlock.

The proportion of births to unmarried women, which had been creeping upward for years, reached 51% last year, statistics show.

In Sweden, the latest figures show that 55% of children are born out of wedlock. In Great Britain the figure is 42%; in Poland, 15%.


By the way, I did some checking and found that the rate is 37% here in the U.S.:

This is yet another indication that the institution of marriage is underthreat both within the Church and the wider culture.

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Tuesday, January 15, 2008

St. Cyril of Alexandria on spiritual warfare

I am currently reading St. Cyril of Alexandria's (376?-444) Commentary on the Gospel of Luke. His words on the parable of the sower and the seed (Lk 8:5-8)--especially as he treats of the seed that falls on rock (I thought this was apropriate given our most recent men's group discussion on spiritual warfare):

"And next, let us consider those others of whom Christ said, And those upon the rock are they who, when they hear, receive the word with joy, and they have no root; these for a while believe, and in time of temptation depart away. For there are verily [truly] men whose faith has not been proved, depending on words simply, and not applying their mind to the examining of the mysteries; of such the piety is sapless and without root. For when they enter the churches, they feel pleasure often in seeing so many assembled, and joyfully receive instruction in the mysteries from him whose business it is to teach, and laud him with praises; but this they do with no discretion or judgment, but with unpurified wills; and when have gone out of the churches, at once they forget the sacred doctrines, and proceed their customary course; not having stored up within them any thing for their future benefit. And if the affairs of Christians go on peacefully, and no trial disturb them, they even then scarcely maintain in them the faith, and that, so to speak, in a confused and tottering state. But if persecution trouble them, and the enemies of the truth attack the churches of the Savior, their heart loves not the battle, and their mind throws away the shield and flees being devoid of zeal, and destitute of love towards God, and ready for desertion. But O ye fearful and infirm, one may well say, why do ye flee from that which would be your glory? And escape from conflicts to which ye have been trained? For hereby those who wish may win for themselves the trophy of victory. Do ye also struggle; twine the chaplet of manliness, thirst for the rewards of perseverance, for the honors of patience.

"…Therefore, as the prophet Jeremiah has said, Take up arms and shields (Jer 46:3). Especially as the right hand of God our savior is invincible in battle, and as most wise Paul has said, He does not permit men to be tried more than they can bear, but with the trial will also come the way of egress [return], that they may be able to endure patiently. (1 Cor 10:13)

"…He [Christ] laid down his life for us, and with His blood purchased the world. We are, therefore, not our own, but His Who bought and redeemed us, and to whom we owe our lives. For as the divine Paul said, For this reason Christ died and lived, that He might be Lord of the dead and the living. (Rom 14:9) We ought, therefore, to possess a mind incapable of being shaken, that especially whenever temptation arrive, we may show ourselves approved and victorious in the power of patience; and ready with joy to undergo conflicts, and seize the opportunity of suffering for piety’s sake towards Christ."

More on St. Cyril, the "doctor of the Incarnation":

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Friday, January 04, 2008

Even St. Augustine has a MySpace!

I heard about this St. Augustine MySpace profile. I imagine that some Augustinian priest or brother created this? I am not sure whether your average MySpace user would actually read the meaty blog posts of his Confessions, but this is a neat idea. [PS: just finished listening to Confessions via audio book, it is a must read/hear]

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New trend in recent films: characters rejecting abortion

Via, from Rick Santorum, former senator from Pennsylvania and a Catholic...

The Philadelphia Inquirer

Posted on Thu, Jan. 3, 2008
The Elephant in the Room:
5 characters reject abortion in a
cultural shift in movies
By Rick Santorum

I begin this new year with greater hope for our culture. That is saying something, given our pop culture's violence, gratuitous coarseness, hyper-commercialism, and obsession with sex and celebrity. I can sympathize with parents who are increasingly tempted to gather their children and retreat to the catacombs. But don't head down there just yet. This last year saw something that we should take heart in.

No, it wasn't the American public's stout rejection of a slew of anti-American "war on terror" movies such as Redacted and Rendition. The most encouraging news was quieter and more life-affirming.

If art is a reflection of our culture, our culture - and particularly our youth culture - is awaking to the reality of life in the womb. You hear it in Nick Cannon's autobiographical single "Can I live?" You see it in the stunning episode of the television show House where Dr. Gregory House's finger is grasped by a baby in the womb during intrauterine surgery. The recognition of the life in the womb is going mainstream.

But the biggest shift came at the movies. In a nation with one of the world's most wide-open abortion regimes, U.S. audiences flocked to see five motion pictures with life-affirming texts or subtexts: Knocked up, Waitress, Bella, August Rush and Juno.

In these movies, abortion was urged on women facing an unplanned pregnancy, and rejected. Ultrasound images awakened characters and audiences to the humanity of the unborn. Having a baby, even in the most challenging circumstances, became the compelling "choice." Adoption was held up as a positive alternative to abortion. And, unlike the news media's portrayal of pro-lifers, protesters outside abortion clinics were authentically depicted as warm and concerned. This stood in contrast to the indifference of the staff within.

These movies came from four different companies (Waitress and Juno are Fox Searchlight movies) and right out of our pop culture. Given the degraded state of that culture, this sometimes comes at a price when it comes to a movie's language, humor, and the treatment of sexual relations. Bella is a gentle celebration of family and adoption amid an unplanned pregnancy. August Rush is a PG-rated look at the gut-wrenching consequences of an out-of-wedlock affair. But Knocked Up, Waitress and Juno are most certainly hip-deep in today's bawdy mainstream culture.

Any movie titled Knocked Up is not going to win awards for decorum, and this one doesn't disappoint. Its pro-life, pro-marriage message - Alison (Katherine Heigl) decides she wants to have the baby after she becomes pregnant during a one-night stand - comes wrapped in X-rated language, sex jokes and drug abuse.

In Waitress, abused Jenna (Keri Russell) decides to have a baby instead of an abortion while having an adulterous affair with her doctor.

As for Juno, for all its tenderness and antiabortion, pro-adoption themes, it's pretty edgy. But it's exactly these movies' connection to the pop culture that makes them so heartening.
They are meeting audiences where they live, and, through good storytelling, smart - if often raw - dialogue, and compelling character development, are presenting themes we rarely associate with much of our popular culture. And audiences and critics are largely saying "two thumbs up."
The best thing about all of these movies is, they are not "pro-life" message movies. They are, instead, chronicles from the children of our divorce- and abortion-oriented culture. There is lived experience, emotional understanding, hard-earned authenticity at the heart of these scripts. And pain.

One of the most poignant recurring themes may be the message to baby-boom parents from their own children. The characters most often urging abortion on the expectant mother were aging boomers, and they are not attractive moments. In August Rush, Lyla's father tells her that her baby was killed in an auto accident and gives the child to an orphanage - to protect her career. After career-bound Alison becomes pregnant in Knocked Up, it's her mother who urges her to have an abortion - she can always have "a real baby" later on.

Alison doesn't take her mother's advice. She decides to have her baby after seeing the unborn child's heart beat on a monitor. What ultimately triumphs in Knocked Up and these other movies is the simple reality of human life.

On the way to an abortion, Juno Ellen Page stops and talks to a nerdy but caring pro-life schoolmate who is protesting there. As Juno continues into the clinic, the girl calls out, "Your baby has fingernails!"

Your baby has fingernails: It's enough to stop Juno from going ahead with an abortion.
Yes, the ultrasound - and now Hollywood - see that unborn baby whose eyes, spinal cord, nervous system, liver and stomach are developing within the first month, whose heart begins beating at 18 days. That unborn child who can make a tiny fist, hiccup, wake and sleep at three months.

It may be a small thing in our vast pop culture. But what a blessing small things can be.

E-mail Rick Santorum at

Original article post:

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Thursday, January 03, 2008

Scripture notes from the Fathers on the Epiphany

This is just some notes for my parish Bible study today (based on my reading of Epiphany homilies from The Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers: A Manual of Preaching, Spiritual Reading and Meditation.

Feast of Epiphany, Gospel reading: Mt 2:1-12


gold—as to a king (offered as tribute to a king); also symbolizes wisdom (Prov 21:10 in LXX transl.) [Gregory]

incense—as to God (symbolizes divine majesty; offered in sacrifice to God); also symbolizes the prayers we offer to God (Gregory)

myrrh—for the man who dies and is buried (service of honor to a body to be buried; preserves the body) [w/ myrrh they proclaim he is mortal—St. Gregory]; also symbolizes our mortification of our flesh—when we safeguard/preserve our mortal bodies through fasting, abstinence, chastity, penance (Gregory)
[St. Ambrose homily on Epiphany]

St. Gregory the Great says that some heretics offer Christ gold and incense, believing him to be God who reigns everywhere, but refuse to offer him myrrh because they cannot accept that Jesus also had a fully human nature.

St. Ambrose also asks us to consider what gifts we can bring and offer to God:
“We also who read and hear these things, let us, Brethren, offer similar gifts, from our treasures. For we have treasures, in earthen vessels (2 Cor 4:7). If you consider that which you are as being, not from thee, but from Christ: how much more ought you not to consider that which you own as being, not yours, but Christ’s?”

the star

= the way, and the way is Christ [Jn 14]: “for in the mystery of the Incarnation Christ is a star. ‘A star shall rise out of Jacob, and a man shall rise up from Israel’ (Num 24:17). [Ambrose]

2 ways: (the magi do not return by the same way that they came)
1. the way of sinners, that leads to [the king of this world and ]destruction (Herod)
2. the way that leads to the everlasting Kingdom of God, our heavenly country/homeland. [Ambrose]

“It is paradise that is our true country, to which, having come to know Jesus, we are forbidden to return by the way we came. For we left our land by the way of pride and disobedience, by following after the things of this world, by tasting forbidden food; and so we must return to it by the way of tears, by obedience, by contempt of the world, and by restraining the desires of the flesh. Let us return then to our own country by another way, and since we cut ourselves off from the joys of heaven because of earthly delights, let us recover them again through penance.”
–Pope St. Gregory the Great, homily on The Gifts of the Magi, given at St. Peter’s Basilica on the feast of Epiphany

Magi adore

“But what was it that moved the Magi to adore Him? For the Virgin bore upon her no distinguishing mark, and the abode was not one of splendor;… For of the things that fell upon their outward senses there was nothing striking: there was only a manger, a mud hut, a poor mother.”

“What then was it that moved them? It was that which had before moved them, so that leaving their own country they had begun this so weary journey, namely: the Star, and together with the Star the light that God had placed in their hearts, which was to lead them step by step to more perfect knowledge. … Thus you may comprehend the pure wisdom of these Wise Men, and by it you may learn that they came to Him, not as to a simple man, but as to God and to their source of blessing.”
[St. John Chysostom, homily on the Epiphany and the Flight into Egypt, PG 57, 81 sermo 8]

So, St. John says that the magi “make a beginning of offering to Him: knowledge, wisdom, and love” (which far transcend the old gifts of sacrificed animals under the old covenant).

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Tuesday, January 01, 2008

Catechesis on Mary, the Mother of God

This post comes from the Rosary Army webste (, a site that has some interesting catechetical postings.

Saturday, December 29, 2007

Saturday Morning Catechesis: Mother of God

Posted by Mickey Addison @ 12:00 AM

On New Year's Day, the Church celebrates the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. As with all Marian pieties and dogmas, it is a celebration that points to something about Christ.

Non-Catholics sometimes have the most difficult time with the Marian dogmas, perhaps because they take them at face-value without looking at why these dogmas are part of Sacred Tradition in the first place. I have a friend, for example, who has no issues with the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, but struggles mightily with Marian dogmas.

In a sense, acceptance of Marian dogmas makes belief in the Real Presence easier.

Our Blessed Lady has been addressed by the title, "Mother of God" since at least A.D. 407. St John Chrysostom wrote a Eucharistic Prayer that included the title of Mother of God, presumably in congruence with the popular piety of the time. This title was not without controversy, however, even in the 5th century.

The Nestorian Heresy, led by a man named Nestorius, Bishop of Constantinople (A.D. 428-431) postulated that Our Lady only gave birth to Jesus' human nature, and therefore deserved only the title, "Mother of Jesus." Nestorius theorized that Jesus was "inhabited" by the Divine Word; essentially that the person of Jesus Christ was a sort of "possessed" body where the Word dwelt inside Jesus "as a temple."

Of course, this theory leads to all sorts of heretical ideas, not the least of which is that Jesus Christ was two people and that the flesh He sacrificed was not sanctified or elevated by union with the divine.

The Nestorian heresy was refuted initially by St. Cyril, Bishop of Alexandria (d. 440), "It was not that an ordinary man was born first of the Holy Virgin, on whom afterwards the Word descended; what we say is that, being united with the flesh from the womb, (the Word) has undergone birth in the flesh, making the birth in the flesh His own..."

At the Council of Ephesus in A.D. 431 finally settled the matter, declaring: "If anyone does not confess that the Emmanuel is truly God and therefore that the holy Virgin is the Mother of God (Theotokos) (since she begot according to the flesh the Word of God made flesh), let them be anathema [despised]."

The Council declared once and for all that Jesus Christ is Lord, the Divine Second Person of the Trinity, true God and true Man united together. The Blessed Virgin gave birth to a single Person with two natures...not two persons with two natures. As the Catechism succinctly teaches, 'Mary is truly "Mother of God" since she is the mother of the eternal Son of God made man, who is God himself.' (#509)

The first day of the New Year is a splendid opportunity to reflect on the marvel of the Word Made Flesh, and the woman He took His flesh from when He came among us.
Mickey Addison is a career military officer, and has been a parish level catechist and Catholic Scripture Study, Int'l leader.
He and his wife have two children. He can be contacted at

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